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Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is a children’s book published in England in 1865. (a pseudonym of Charles Dodgson). Alice, a little girl, slips through a rabbit hole into a fantastical realm filled with anthropomorphic creatures. It is regarded as a classic example of literary nonsense. The story’s clever use of reasoning ensures that it remains popular with both adults and children.
The plot, structure, characters, and imagery of one of the most well-known works of Victorian English fiction have had a major effect on popular culture and literature, particularly in the fantasy genre. The book has been translated into at least 97 languages and has never gone out of print. It has a long history of theater, movie, radio, art, ballet, theme parks, board games, and video games adaptations. Carroll followed up with Through the Looking-Glass in 1871, as well as a condensed version for young children, The Nursery “Alice,” in 1890.
In 1865, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was published. It was inspired by Lewis Carroll and the Reverend Robinson Duckworth rowing up the River Isis with three little girls three years previously on July 4th. This day was dubbed “golden afternoon” in the narrative, which was preceded by a poem. The poem might be a misunderstanding or possibly another Alice story, as it turned out that day was chilly, overcast, and wet. Lorina Charlotte Liddell (aged 13; “Prima” in the book’s prefatory verse); Alice Pleasance Liddell (aged 10; “Secunda” in the verse); and Edith Mary Liddell (aged 10; “Secunda” in the verse) were the three daughters of scholar Henry Liddell (aged 8; “Tertia” in the verse).
The expedition began at Folly Bridge in Oxford and concluded at Godstow, Oxfordshire, five miles (8 kilometers) away. Throughout the journey, Dodgson told the girls a story about a bored little girl named Alice who seeks adventure. The girls adored it, and Alice Liddell requested that Dodgson record it for her.
From the British Library’s original handwritten copy of Alice’s Adventures Under Ground, 1864.
The next day, Carroll began writing the story’s manuscript, though the first version is lost. A month later, the girls and Dodgson went on another boat excursion, during which he fleshed out the storyline of Alice’s narrative, and in November, he began writing on the book in earnest.
He researched natural history in relation to the animals depicted in the book to add the finishing touches, and then had the book examined by other children, particularly those of George MacDonald. Despite the fact that Dodgson added his own images, he requested John Tenniel to illustrate the book for publication, explaining that the narrative had been favorably received by youngsters.
Dodgson handed Alice the handwritten manuscript of Alice’s Adventures Under Ground on November 26, 1864, designating it as “A Christmas Gift to a Dear Child in Memory of a Summer’s Day,” with pictures by Dodgson himself. Some people, like Martin Gardner, believe there was an earlier version that Dodgson destroyed when he made a more detailed copy by hand.
Dodgson was already preparing it for publication when Alice received her copy, increasing the 15,500-word original to 27,500 words, including the episodes concerning the Cheshire Cat and the Mad Tea Party.