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The dachshund, also known as the wiener dog, badger dog, or sausage dog, is a hound-type dog breed with short legs and a long body. They come in a variety of textures, including smooth, wire, and long-haired.
The miniature dachshund was designed to hunt rabbits and other small animals, whereas the standard-sized dachshund was intended to sniff, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling creatures.
The dachshund was the 12th most popular dog breed in the United States in 2018, according to the American Kennel Club.
Dachshund is a German word that literally means “badger dog,” derived from the words Dachs (“badger”) and Hund (“dog”) (“hound, dog”). The term in German is pronounced (About this soundlisten). In English, the first and second syllables are pronounced differently, with /dks-/, /daeks-/, and /-hnt/, /-hnd/, /-nd/. Some English speakers could pronounce it as /d-/hound. Despite the fact that Dachshund is a German term, they are more usually known in modern German as Dackel or Teckel.
They’re known as wiener dogs or sausage dogs because of their long, thin form.
While the breed is classed as a hound or a scent hound in the United States and the United Kingdom, it has its own group in nations that are members of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (World Canine Federation). Many dachshunds, particularly those of the wire-haired variety, have terrier-like temperament and look. Because the breed was developed to use scent to trail and hunt animals, and likely descended from the Saint Hubert Hound, like many modern scent hound breeds such as bloodhounds and Basset Hounds, it can be argued that they belong in the terrier, or “earth dog” group; however, because of their persistent personality and love for digging, they could also belong in the terrier, or “earth dog” group.
A typical dachshund has a strong, muscular body and small, stubby legs. It has abnormally huge front paws that are paddle-shaped and ideal for digging. While burrowing in tight holes to hunt food, its skin is elastic enough not to rip. The dachshund has a large chest that allows for proper cardiac development and lung capacity. It has a long snout.
Smooth coat (short hair), long-haired, and wire-haired dachshunds are the three coat types. The velvety coat of longhaired dachshunds is complemented by small featherings on the legs and ears. Wire-haired dachshunds are the least prevalent coat variant in the United States (despite it is the most popular in Germany) and the newest coat to be included in breeding standards. Dachshunds come in a broad range of colors and patterns, with red being the most prevalent. Single-colored (red or cream), tan pointed (black and tan, chocolate and tan, blue and tan, or isabella and tan), and wildboar colouring in wire-haired dogs are all possibilities. Dapple (merle), sable, brindle, and piebald patterns can be found on any of the base hues. Depending on the genetic composition of the parents, Dachshunds in the same litter may have varied coat colors.
Red is the most common hue in the breed, followed by black and tan. Tan (or cream) markings cover the eyes, ears, paws, and tail of tan pointed dogs. The reds range from coppers to deep rusts, with or without the more frequent black hairs scattered around the back, face, and ear margins, adding a lot of character and an almost burnished look; this is known to as a “overlay” or “sabling” among breeders and fans. Sabling is not to be confused with the color sable, which is a more rare coat color. From afar, a sable dachshund seems to be a black and brown dog. Closer inspection reveals that each hair strand is really banded with red at the base near the skin changing to predominantly black along the length of the strand at the top of the dog’s body. The brindle pattern is another eye-catching coat design. The term “brinnle” refers to black stripes on a solid (typically red) backdrop. If a dachshund has a black coat with tan points, the brindling will only be on the tan points. Even a solitary, lone brindle stripe counts as a brindle. It’s a dapple if a dachshund has only one spot of dapple.