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The Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation, created Mozilla Firefox, a cross-platform, free and open-source web browser. The Gecko rendering engine is used by Firefox to display online pages. Firefox began adopting new technology known as Quantum in 2017 in order to improve parallelism and a more intuitive user interface. Firefox is a web browser that runs on Windows 7, Windows 10, macOS, and Linux. Its unofficial ports are available for FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, illumos, and Solaris Unix, among other Unix and Unix-like operating systems. Android and iOS versions of Firefox are also available. Due to platform restrictions, the iOS version, like all other iOS web browsers, employs the WebKit layout engine instead of Gecko. As one of the two major browsers accessible with Amazon’s Silk Browser, an optimized version of Firefox is also available on the Amazon Fire TV.
Mozilla community members that wanted a standalone browser instead of the Mozilla Application Suite bundle built Firefox in 2002 under the code name “Phoenix.” Firefox was well-received by beta testers, who praised it for its speed, security, and add-ons when compared to Microsoft’s then-dominant Internet Explorer 6. Firefox was introduced on November 9, 2004, and within nine months, it had 60 million downloads, challenging Internet Explorer’s supremacy. Because the Mozilla community was founded by Netscape in 1998, before they were acquired by AOL, Firefox is the spiritual successor of Netscape Navigator.
Dave Hyatt, Joe Hewitt, and Blake Ross started the project as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project. They argued that the Mozilla browser’s functionality had been harmed by the economic obligations of Netscape’s sponsorship and developer-driven feature creep. They designed a stand-alone browser to fight what they perceived as the Mozilla Suite’s software bloat, with the intention of replacing the Mozilla Suite. On September 23, 2002, version 0.1 was released. The Mozilla Organization declared on April 3, 2003 that it will shift its attention from the Mozilla Suite to Firefox and Thunderbird.
The Firefox project has gone through various different names. The newborn browser was given the name Phoenix after the fabled bird that triumphed over its deceased predecessor by rising triumphantly from the ashes (in this case, from the “ashes” of Netscape Navigator, after it was side-lined by Microsoft Internet Explorer in the “First Browser War”). Due to a trademark dispute with Phoenix Technologies, the city was renamed Phoenix in 2003. Firebird, the new moniker, elicited a strong reaction from the Firebird database software team. To minimize misunderstanding, the Mozilla Foundation guaranteed them that the browser will always be known as Mozilla Firebird. Mozilla Firebird was renamed Mozilla Firefox on February 9, 2004, after more lobbying. The term Firefox was supposed to be inspired from the red panda’s moniker, which served as the project’s mascot. Mozilla recommends Fx or fx for the acronym of Firefox, while it is sometimes shortened as FF.
Before version 1.0, the Firefox project had gone through several iterations and had already received widespread praise from publications like as Forbes and The Wall Street Journal. The inbuilt pop-up blocker, tabbed browsing, and an extension method for expanding functionality were all popular aspects of Firefox. Although similar capabilities have been available in other browsers for some time, such as the Mozilla Suite and Opera, Firefox was the first to attain widespread popularity. Firefox gained popularity as a replacement for Internet Explorer, which had been criticized for its alleged poor program design and security”detractors point to IE’s lack of support for certain Web standards, use of the potentially dangerous ActiveX component, and vulnerability to spyware and malware installation as examples of IE’s flaws. Microsoft responded by releasing Windows XP Service Pack 2, which enhanced Internet Explorer 6 with numerous significant security enhancements.