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A gangster is a criminal who belongs to a criminal group. The majority of gangs are thought to be part of organized crime. Mobsters, a noun formed from the mob and the suffix -ster, are another name for gangsters. Gangs give a degree of structure and resources that allow them to carry out considerably larger and more intricate illegal transactions than a single criminal could. Gangsters have been active in countries all over the world for many years. Many novels, films, and video games have been written about gangsters.
The term “gang” is now often used to refer to a criminal organization, while the phrase “gangster” is almost always used to refer to a criminal. There has been a lot written on gangs, but there is no clear agreement on what makes a gang or what circumstances lead to gang development and evolution. A gang’s members believe that they have a feeling of common identity and belonging, which is usually reinforced by shared activities and visible identifications such as unique attire, tattoos, or rings. Some preconceived notions may be incorrect. The popular belief that illegal drug distribution in the United States is mostly controlled by gangs, for example, has been called into doubt.
As with the Jesse James gang, which ended with the leader’s murder in 1882, a gang might be a very small number of people who collaborate in criminal activity. A gang, on the other hand, can be a bigger group with a formal organization that continues after the death of its leader. Each of the Five Families, for example, was created in the early twentieth century and has endured into the twenty-first. Large and well-organized gangs, such as the Mafia, drug cartels, Triads, or even outlaw motorcycle gangs, can carry out complex transactions that would be far beyond the capabilities of a single individual, and can provide services similar to those provided by a legitimate government, such as dispute arbitration and contract enforcement.
The terms “organized crime” and “gangsters” are sometimes used interchangeably, however they are not synonymous. A tiny street gang that commits intermittent low-level criminal activity would not be considered “organized.” It’s possible that an organization that organizes gangs in various nations participating in the worldwide traffic in narcotics or prostitutes isn’t a “gang.”
In Italy, there are various organized criminal gangs. The Sicilian Mafia, or Cosa Nostra, is a criminal organization that originated in Sicily, Italy, in the mid-nineteenth century. It’s a loose confederation of criminal organizations with a shared organizational structure and code of ethics. The upheaval of Sicily’s transition out of feudalism in 1812 and its subsequent annexation by mainland Italy in 1860 are the beginnings. The nobles held much of the land and enforced law and order with private armies throughout feudalism. The feudal nobles gradually sold or rented their domains to private individuals after 1812. Primogeniture was abolished, land could no longer be taken to pay debts, and one fifth of the land was to be turned up to the peasants as private property.
Since the days of Imperial Russia, organized crime has existed in Russia in the form of banditry and robbery. Vory v Zakone, a class of convicts who had to follow particular norms in the prison system, arose during the Soviet era. Cooperation with authorities of any type was prohibited under one of the rules. Some convicts negotiated a deal with the government to join the armed services in exchange for a reduced term during World War II, but when they returned to jail, they were ambushed and killed by inmates who stayed faithful to the thieves’ rules. The Soviet Union recognized private enterprise in 1988, but did not create legislation to safeguard market economy security. Crude marketplaces arose, the most famous of which being the Rizhsky market in Moscow, where prostitution rings operated near to the Rizhsky Railway Station.
As the Soviet Union fell apart, many former government employees went to crime, while others fled to other countries. Former KGB operatives and veterans of the Afghan and First and Second Chechen Wars, now jobless but with criminal expertise, have joined the growing crime wave. Initially, the Vory v Zakone was instrumental in resolving the gang warfare that arose in the 1990s. By the mid-1990s, “Don” Semion Mogilevich was widely regarded as the “boss of all bosses” of most Russian Mafia syndicates across the world, with the British government describing him as “one of the most dangerous persons in the world.” Criminals with better links to large industry and the government have ousted the Vory from several of their traditional niches in recent years, however the Vory remain dominant in gaming and retail.