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Gerbera is a plant genus in the Asteraceae family (daisy family). It was named after Traugott Gerber (1710-1743), a German botanist and medical practitioner who traveled extensively in Russia and was a friend of Carl Linnaeus.
Gerbera is a tropical plant native to South America, Africa, and Asia. J.D. Hooker described Gerbera jamesonii, a South African species commonly known as Transvaal daisy or Barberton daisy, in Curtis’ Botanical Magazine in 1889, and it was the first scientific description of a Gerbera. The African daisy is another name for the Gerbera.
Gerbera species have a big capitulum with brightly colored two-lipped ray florets in yellow, orange, white, pink, or red. The capitulum appears to be a single bloom, but it is actually made up of hundreds of tiny blossoms. The blooms have different morphologies depending on where they are in the capitulum. Gerbera mini ‘Harley’ has a 7 cm diameter flower head, whereas Gerbera ‘Golden Serena’ has a 12 cm diameter bloom head.
Gerberas are incredibly popular and commonly used as cut flowers or as beautiful garden plants. Domesticated cultivars are generally the product of a hybrid between Gerbera jamesonii and Gerbera viridifolia, a South African species. Gerbera hybrida is the name given to this cross. There are thousands of varieties. They come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. White, yellow, orange, red, and pink are some of the colors available. The flower’s center is occasionally black. The petals of the same flower can have a variety of colors.
Gerbera is also a commercially important flower. It is the world’s sixth most popular cut flower (after rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, and tulip). It’s also employed as a model organism in flower development research.
Coumarin derivatives are found naturally in Gerbera. Gerbera is a delicate perennial flower. It attracts bees, butterflies, and birds, but deer don’t like it. Gerbrinis are the little ones.