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A film, often known as a movie, motion picture, or moving picture, is a work of visual art that uses moving pictures to replicate experiences such as ideas, tales, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or ambiance. Sound and, in rare occasions, additional sensory stimulations accompany these visuals. The term “cinema,” short for “cinematography,” is frequently used to refer to both filmmaking and the film business, as well as the art form that results from both.
A film’s moving pictures are made using a motion-picture camera, conventional animation techniques, CGI and computer animation, or a mix of some or all of these techniques, as well as additional visual effects.
Films were traditionally recorded onto celluloid film stock using a photochemical process and then projected onto a huge screen using a movie projector. Contemporary films are frequently entirely digital throughout the creation, distribution, and exhibition processes, whereas films shot on film have usually featured an equivalent optical soundtrack (a graphic recording of the spoken words, music and other sounds that accompany the images which runs along a portion of the film exclusively reserved for it, and is not projected).
Films are cultural artifacts that have been produced by distinct societies. They represent those cultures and, as a result, have an impact on them. Film is seen as a significant art form, a popular source of entertainment, and a potent tool for educating”or indoctrinating”citizens. Film has a worldwide capacity of communication due to its visual foundation. Due to the use of dubbing or subtitles to translate the speech into other languages, several films have become international attractions.
Frames are the individual pictures that make up a film. A rotating shutter causes intervals of darkness as each frame is moved into position to be projected in traditional celluloid film projection, but the viewer does not notice the interruptions because of an effect known as persistence of vision, in which the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after its source disappears. The phi phenomenon is a psychological impact that contributes to the feeling of motion.
Photographic film (also known as film stock) has traditionally been the medium for recording and exhibiting motion images, thus the term “film.” A motion picture can also be referred to as a picture, a picture show, a moving picture, a photoplay, or a flick. In the United States, the most popular term is “movie,” although in Europe, “movie” is favored. The big screen, the silver screen, the movies, and cinema are all typical words for the field in general; the last of these is frequently used as an umbrella phrase in scientific works and critical articles. The word sheet was occasionally used instead of screen in the early years. In general, the term ‘film’ is not a useful phrase to use to describe a long typical commercial video production since it is ambiguous and hence requires context for proper interpretation.
The phénakisticope established the stroboscopic animation concept in 1833, and it was then used in the zoetrope in 1866, the flip book in 1868, and the praxinoscope in 1877 before becoming the foundation basis for cinematography.
At least as early as 1843, experiments with early phenakisticope-based animation projectors were conducted. Between 1853 to the 1890s, Jules Duboscq sold phénakisticope projection devices in France.
In 1839, photography was invented, but the emulsions required such lengthy exposures that photographing moving scenes appeared impossible. Photographic series of subjects posing in various postures have been developed since at least 1844 to either indicate a motion sequence or to chronicle a variety of distinct viewing perspectives. With early trials in the 1840s and commercial success in the early 1850s, stereoscopic photography sparked interest in completing the photographic medium by adding techniques to record color and motion.
Joseph Plateau presented a paper in 1849 describing his plan to combine his phénakisticope with the stereoscope, as suggested by stereoscope creator Charles Wheatstone, and utilize pictures of plaster sculptures in various orientations to be animated in the combined instrument. Jules Duboscq patented a device known as the “Stéréoscope-fantascope, ou Boscope” in 1852. He just publicized it on the fringes for a short time. Although the bioscope was a commercial failure and no complete device has yet been found, one bioscope disc has been preserved at the Plateau collection of Ghent University. It includes stereoscopic images of a machine.