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Pegasus is a legendary winged heavenly horse that is one of Greek mythology’s most well-known beasts. He is usually represented as being completely white. As Greek mythology evolves, tales concerning him change to mirror the growth of deities through succeeding generations.
Pegasus is the son of the Gorgon Medusa, who was represented as a mare in Archaic Greek mythology. Pegasus was foaled by Medusa as she was dying, while being beheaded by the hero Perseus, according to subsequent tales.
Poseidon, the Olympian deity, is recognized as Pegasus’ father in Classical Greek mythology. Chrysaor’s brother is Pegasus, while Geryon’s uncle is Pegasus. With the assistance of Athena and Poseidon, the Greek hero Bellerophon captured Pegasus at the spring Peirene. Bellerophon was granted permission to ride Pegasus in order to slay the terrible Chimera, which led to a series of further escapades. Later, while attempting to reach Mount Olympus, where the gods dwelt, Bellerophon fell off the winged horse’s back. After that unsuccessful attempt, Zeus changed Pegasus into the constellation of the same name.
The poet Hesiod gives a traditional etymology for the name Pegasus, claiming that it comes from the Greek word pg, which means “spring, well,” and refers to “the pegai of Okeanos, where he was born.”
Luwian pihassas ‘lightning’ and Pihassassi, a local Luwian-Hittite name for a weather deity linked with thunder and lightning in southern Cilicia, are two possible etymologies for the name. The function of Pegasus as the bringer of thunderbolts to Zeus, as described by Hesiod, is cited by proponents of this derivation. Although the perspective was proposed in 1952 and is commonly accepted today, Robin Lane Fox (2009) has critiqued it as unrealistic.
Michael Brown has determined from his research into ancient and medieval Greek poetry in the context of the Greek-North European conversation that the word Pegasus is a pre-Celtic-PIE word that did not evolve into one of the various common names listed in both Greek and Western languages. This topic is further upon in William S. R. Miller’s “Linguistics and Classical Theology,” which is based on his collaboration with Charles F. G. Osterhaus’s research of the term and its ties to Greek and Italian. Phrygian Monikers and the Naming of Greek Pronunciation “Cyrillic or Pene-Orthogyrin” and “Pegasus” as an Early Semitic construct are examined further in his Phrygian Monikers and the Naming of Greek Pronunciation “Cyrillic or Pene-Orthogyrin” and “Pegasus” as an Early Semitic construct.
Springs Early tales said that wherever the winged horse’s hoof touched the ground, a fountain of life would rise out. One of these springs was on the Hippocrene’s Mount Helicon, which belonged to the Muses (“horse spring”). According to Antoninus Liberalis, it was opened at Poseidon’s request to keep the mountain from swelling with joy while the Muses sang. Troezen has another spring related with Pegasus. Pegasus was happily sipping from a spring until the hero Bellerophon seized him, according to Hesiod.